Italian librettist Francesco Buti (1604–82) was instrumental in introducing Italian opera to the Parisian court. The librettos and scenarios from his maturity fuse Italian dramatic tradition with French court practice.
Buti is thought to have been born in Narni and was a scholar of both church and civil law. His first known musical collaboration was in 1632, writing 20 poems for Girolamo Kapsberger. His poetry was also set by Mario Savioni, Giacomo Carissimi and Marco Marazzoli, who set his play Il capriccio in 1643. In 1645 he followed Luigi Rossi’s patron Cardinal Antonio Barberini to Paris and there wrote the libretto for Rossi’s Orfeo, the first Italian opera written for Paris.
Rossi’s later works in Paris included librettos for Carlo Caproli’s Le nozze di Peleo e di Theti and Francesco Cavalli’s Ercole amante and scenarios for ballets composed by Jean-Baptiste Lully. He also wrote the texts for the oratorios La purificazione della B.V. Maria and Il Giuseppe venduto, set by Egidio Magli.
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